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Lima (Pachacamac)

Location

Lima is located in the central part of the country, comprising a coastal strip (facing the Pacific Ocean) and the highlands towards the east.

Área

34 802 km2

Altitude

9.8 feet (3 meters).

Temperature

Max 86 F (30º C) and 55 F minimum (13º C). There is no much rain in Lima, the season with the highest humidity is winter which runs from June through September.


By land

Lima is linked by the Pan-American Highway with all the cities on the coast as well as with the coastal cities of Ecuador to the north and Chile to the south. The Central Highway, the Marginal Highway and penetration roads provide access to most cities over the highlands and the jungle.

By air

Lima is connected with the world’s most important cities. It is the gateway to Peru’s major destinations through Jorge Chávez International Airport.

Plaza Mayor

located in the urban center of the city, it houses within its perimeter three of the most important buildings of colonial times: the Cathedral, the Palace of Viceroys, presently the Government Palace also known as the House of Pizarro, and the City Hall. A bronze fountain which dates from the seventeenth century is placed at its center.

the Catedral

it is located in the Main Square. Built on the same place as the original 1,555 building, it was rebuilt under the direction of Jesuit priest Juan Rehr after the 1 746 earthquake.
Both its facade and interior are austere; its remarkable wooden choirstalls, altars and the tomb of Francisco Pizarro, who died in 1 541, are to be noted.
Visits
Monday to Saturday 10:00-16:30.

San Francisco’s Church and Convent

it is one of the best colonial architectural complexes of the seventeenth century; it consists of a small square, the convent and the church. The cloisters are decorated in blue Sevillian tiles and the superb Museum of Religious Art contains a valuable collection of masterworks, in addition to the more than 300-year old catacombs. Location
Jr. Ancash cdra. 3
Visits
Monday to Sunday 9:30-17:30

Foutain Park

this new modern attraction known as the magic circuit of water is a wonderful spectacle of water, light, music and images playing together. In the evenings, the Fountain of Fantasy hosts a colorful laser light program with music and projected images. The Magic Fountain holds the Guinness World Record for the largest public water complex in the world!!!

National Anthropology and Archaeology Museum

here you will find an important collection of ceramics, textiles and gold and silver works belonging to the Chavín, Mochica, Chimú, Tiahuanaco, Pucará, Paracas, Nasca and Inca cultures are exhibited in a didactic way.
Location
Plaza Bolívar, s/n Pueblo Libre.
Visits
Tuesday to Sunday 9:00-16:30.

Gold Museum

it has a private collection that belongs to Mr. Miguel Mujica Gallo; it features replicas of gold pieces and jewels from pre-Inca cultures, particularly the Mochica, Chimú and Nasca cultures. It also houses an Arms Museum exhibiting pieces dating back to as early as the sixteenth century.
Location
Av. Alonso de Molina 1100, Santiago de Surco.
Visits
Monday to Sunday 11:30-19:00.

Larco Herrera Museum

it is a superb private collection of ceramics, particularly from the Mochica culture. It has a treasury room that holds exquisite gold work pieces such as the only complete gold pectoral of a Chimú chief ever found.
Location
Av. Bolívar 1515, Pueblo Libre.
Visits
Monday to Sunday 9:00-18:00.

National Museum

It exhibits a select collection of archaeological pieces showing the main cultural expression of ancient Peru in a didactic way. You can find an interesting replica of the tombs and ornaments of the Lord of Sipán.
Location
Av. Javier Prado Este 2465, San Borja.
Visits
Tuesday to Sunday 9:00-17:00. It is closed on December 25th and January 1st.

Pachacamac

Archaeological site located at km 31 of the South Pan-American Highway, about 25 minutes drive from Lima. It was the main ceremonial center in the Peruvian coastline. Its influence declined starting from the fifteenth century when it was conquered by Inca Túpac Yupanqui. The main buildings include the Temple of the Sun and the Acllahuasi, both built during the Inca domination. The principal material used in the buildings, as well as in the entire Peruvian coastline, was mud. The Inca section is the best-preserved part of the archaeological complex (1 440 - 1 533). The archaeological site includes palaces, plazas and temples that have been painstakingly restored and even includes an on-site Museum that houses and interesting collection of Pre-Inca relics.

Local dishes:

• Cebiche (fish filet cut in chunks and marinated in lemon juice, onions and chili).
• Escabeche (fish or chicken marinated in vinegar and pot steamed).
• Carapulcra (casserole based on sun-dried potatoes, pork, chicken, panca and mirasol chili, garlic and other species).
• Cau-cau (casserole based on small cubes of tripe and potatoes seasoned with turmeric and mint).
• Anticuchos (beef heart marinated in vinegar and panca chili, cooked on skewers over the grill).
• Lomo saltado (sautéed mix of beef, onions, tomatoes, chili and various herbs, served with fries and rice).
• Ají de gallina (chicken casserole prepared with milk, cheese, chili and nuts).
• Causa rellena (mashed potato paste seasoned with ground chili and stuffed with tuna).
• Choros a la chalaca (steamed mussels with onions and a dash of chili and seasoned with lemon juice).
• Tacu-Tacu (reheated beans mixed with rice served with a steak covered in breadcrumbs and onion sauce).
Parihuela (concentrated fish and seafood soup).
• Sancochado (soup/stew made with meat, corn, sweet potatoes, carrots, cabbage, cassava and potatoes).
• Pescado a la chorrillana (fried fish served with a sauce made of onions, tomatoes and white wine).
• Pescado a lo macho (fried fish with a sauce made of seafood and chili).

The typical desserts include:

• Mazamorra morada (pudding made with corn starch and sweet potato with dried and fresh fruits).
• Suspiro a la limeña (meringue with caramel spread and vanilla).
• Turrón de Doña Pepa (flour and lard dough baked and covered with brown sugar syrup).
• Picarones (Fried rings made of sweet potato flour and pumpkin, covered with brown sugar or sugar cane syrup).